Abstract: This article focuses on the question of how the effectiveness of environmental preservation policy can be increased in order to turn to a more sustainable way of human development. The answer was found to lie in the three-fold approach covering normative, economic and political measures. The normative measure is the provision of a proper environmental education, which should help creating a global public concern with the intactness of the natural environment. The economic measure refers to the linkage between the goals of environmental preservation and the goals of the economy as to remove the contradiction between the two domains of human activity. The political measure is the regionalization of environmental policy with a gradual transfer of environmental political functions from the national towards the supranational level of a civilizational bloc. This measure would allow to combine the effective implementation of the state-level with the advantage to cover a greater territory and to reduce the number of global environmental actors.
Abstract: The development and growth of economic in Indonesia shows a positive result, but the inequality between regions and quality of environment is still a major problem. Economic activity is centered on the Java Island, while other areas in eastern Indonesia lag behind. This study focuses on estimating the impact of inter-regional spillover and feedback. The data used is inter-regional input output data in 2005, then projected to year 2011 using the RAS technique. The research is conducted in Sulawesi (consisting of North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, Central Sulawesi and Southeast Sulawesi), South Sulawesi, East Java and East Kalimantan as well as ROI (rest of Indonesia). The result shows that the region of South Sulawesi produces the greatest spillover effect to other regions. It indicates South Sulawesi region can be a bridge with other regions to improve linkages and economic performance between regions. East Java generates the smallest spillover effect compared with other regions, but it produces a greatest feedback effect. The surprising result is south Sulawesi gives a little spillover effect to other Sulawesi areas, and vice versa. It shows that both regions have a weak interaction compared to the interaction with eastern Java.
Abstract: Background. This study assessed the effects of slaughterhouse activities on the health of surrounding residents in Osogbo Nigeria. This was with a view to suggesting policy response capable of enhancing healthy environment in the city and others with similar background.
Materials and Methods. A total of thirty three slaughterhouses identified in the study area out of which fifteen (45 %) were randomly selected for questionnaire administration. This is followed by stratification of 500metre radial distance from the respective residences surrounding them into 1-250 metres and 251-500 metres. In the strata, questionnaires were administered on 98 residents comprising 44 and 54 in the first and second strata respectively. Data analysis was done using cross tabulation and Chi-square tests.
Results. Findings revealed that slaughterhouse activities pollute the environment and this inevitably had negative impacts on the health of the surrounding residents. From the findings, 80 % of the slaughterhouses were located near water bodies. The study also found that most of the surrounding residences were infested by flies and mosquitoes with varying degrees as distance increases from the slaughterhouses. This study established that the quality of the environment varied with distance from the slaughterhouses. Similarly, the proportion of residents that treated malaria and diarrhoea continually in the study areas was 69.4 % and 70.4 % respectively.
Conclusion: These findings have implications for policy making towards planning effective and sustainable intervention strategies for slaughterhouse activities in Osogbo and other cities with similar background.
Abstract: An overview of the different generations of molecular genetic markers used to solve the traditional problems of breeding work – exception errors of origin; determine the distribution of genetic flow of agricultural animal species; the identification of genetic systems, polymorphism of which is associated with variability of economically valuable traits are carried out. The history of the use of genotypic characteristics as "signalview" to predict the desired manifestation of economically valuable traits, starting with the works of A.S. Serebrovsky, are discussed. The need for consistent study of the gene pools of native breeds with a unique capacity of adaptation to specific ecological and geographical factors, in which farm animal breeding, is underlined. It is noted the similarity of molecular-genetic systems involved in adaptation, in particular, to high-altitude hypoxia, such mammal species as domestic horses and people. As an example of adaptation to high-altitude conditions of breeding discusses the specificity of Karachai horses. The different methods of genomic scanning (multigene genotyping) using as genomic anchors randomly selected decanucleotide (RAPD-PCR), sequences of microsatellite loci (ISSR-PCR markers), retrotransposons (IRAP-PCR markers) are discussed. It is noted the particularities of the representation in animal genomes microsatellite loci, DNA and RNA transposons.
Abstract: Monitoring of suspended sediment is important to maintain water quality and geomorphologic balance. Traditional methods based on field surveys only solve the problem on a small scale. This article presents the results of mapping suspended sediment concentrations in surface water of the Day River, northern Vietnam using GIS technique. The inverse distance weighting (IDW) interpolation method was applied to map suspended sediment concentration using data obtained from 11 sampling stations. The results which are obtained in this study can be used to evaluate surface water quality.
Abstract: Coal mining is an important contributor to Vietnam’s GDP, however, it also seriously effects on the environment. This study presents the results of impact assessment of coal mining on land use/land cover, water resources and urban landscape in Ha Long city, Quang Ninh province, North East of Vietnam. The study was conducted in the basis of an analysis of samples (12 soil samples, 5 surface water samples and 5 groundwater samples) and AHP hierarchical technique through a survey of 40 households, 30 managers and 30 technicians in the coal mining area. The results obtained in this study show that land use change in coal area of Ha Long city is proportional to annual coal production, in which agricultural land, residential land, river and stream water are the factors most affected by coal mining.